Climate Science Q&A (Texti vs ChatGPT AI)

IN AI Bot Chat
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Texti has become more unreliable and inaccurate and has started “making things up” more and more in the past couple of weeks, but I started with Texti Q&A and then added ChatGPT answers for more context. Texti makes up stories. ChatGPT tries to be accurate but is heavily biased toward mainstream propaganda.

For the record, I just want to understand and hear all sides. Having only just realized in the past three years just how much we are lied to about all aspects of our lives; our history; the science; medicine; our legal system; the media, etc. I am trying to “learn” and “discern” but haven’t got a “formed climate opinion”, and the main “bias” I have is an extreme “aversion” to lies, censorship, and propaganda.

The climate change industry is worth trillions of dollars and is affecting all aspects of our lives. It is crucial to acknowledge that those funding and creating policies have significant influence over the direction of the industry. I care about the earth, I don’t want corporations to pollute the world; and it’s concerning how these same big corporations that are responsible for most of the “pollution” and “destruction” are the ones who have been placed in charge of it; the sustainability movement has literally been hijacked and is being led in a very alarming and destructive way.

The more you look into it, the more you realize there is a lot of “bad guys” leading the charge, but that doesn’t mean we automatically go the path of choosing the opposite either – there’s a lot of good people who want to make the world a better place. Trying to extract the facts is difficult in a “science is settled” world where “science” can be bought, and “questioning bought & paid for science” gets you smeared, tarred, feathered, or fired.

Senator Malcolm Roberts (critical of the scientific consensus)

What are the main arguments that Senator Malcolm Roberts makes against Climate Science censorship?

  • ChatGPT: Senator Malcolm Roberts is a climate change skeptic and has made various arguments against the scientific consensus on human-caused climate change. Some of the main arguments he has made include questioning the accuracy and reliability of climate data, pointing to natural climate variability and historical temperature changes, and accusing the scientific community of bias, censorship, and manipulation of data to support their political views.
  • These arguments, however, have been widely debunked by the scientific community, and the vast majority of climate scientists agree that human activities, particularly the burning of fossil fuels, are the main driver of the observed warming of the planet.

Texti:

  1. Climate Science censorship ignores the fact that climate change is a complex issue, with many possible causes and effects.
  2. It silences dissenting voices, preventing healthy debate and discussion.
  3. It creates a false impression that there is consensus among climate scientists when in reality there is not.
  4. It hinders progress toward meaningful solutions to climate change by suppressing open dialogue and honest inquiry into its causes and potential fixes.
  5. Censorship of Climate Science creates an atmosphere of fear among researchers and academics, discouraging them from engaging in legitimate research into the subject or expressing their true beliefs on the matter publicly – leading to further scientific stagnation in this area of study as well as furthering public confusion about what constitutes “valid” evidence when it comes to climate science topics.

What is Senator Malcolm Roberts career background and how many years has been studying climate science?

Texti: Senator Malcolm Roberts is a politician and former coal miner from Australia. He is currently a member of the Senate representing Queensland for the One Nation political party. Prior to his involvement in politics, he served as managing director of an engineering firm and operated several businesses.

Which scientists does he cite as his sources for his views on climate change?

Texti: Sen. Roberts cites a variety of scientists and experts, including climate scientists John Christy and Roy Spencer, ecological economist Richard Tol, atmospheric physicist Fred Singer, astrophysicist Nir Shaviv, and geology professor Don Easterbrook. He also cites research from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), National Academy of Sciences (NAS), and National Oceanic Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

// Not sure how accurate that is above

Which scientists has Senator Malcolm Roberts tried to bring into the Climate Science debate?

Texti: Senator Malcolm Roberts has tried to bring climate change skeptics such as William Happer, John Christy, and Richard Lindzen into the climate science debate.

Sen. Malcolm Roberts Media Conference re: CSIRO (2020)

Malcolm Roberts Media Conference Aug 31, 2020 re: calling on CSIRO Chief Executive, Dr Larry Marshall and executive Dr Peter Mayfield, to resign.

In the context of seeking CSIRO’s empirical evidence to justify climate policies, I know that CSIRO:

  1. has never stated that carbon dioxide from human activity is dangerous.
  2. admitted that temperatures today are not unprecedented.
  3. withdrew discredited papers that it had cited as evidence of unprecedented rate of temperature change and then failed to provide supporting empirical evidence.
  4. has never quantified any specific impact of carbon dioxide from human activity. relies upon unvalidated models that give unverified and erroneous projections as “evidence.”
  5. relied on discredited and poor quality papers on temperature and carbon dioxide. admits to not doing due diligence on reports and data from external agencies.
  6. revealed little understanding of papers it cited as evidence.
  7. allows politicians and journalists to misrepresent CSIRO science without correction. misled parliament. Seventeen internationally respected climate scientists from Australia and five other nations verified our conclusions about CSIRO.

In conclusion, CSIRO’s science on the matter of climate for policy making, amounts to a gross misleading of Parliament. The onus of proof is now on Parliament to provide the empirical scientific evidence proving that carbon dioxide from human activity needs to be cut, and until that is provided, government must immediately stop wasting billions of dollars on climate policies.

William Happer (critical of the scientific consensus)

What are the main arguments that William Happer makes against Climate Science consensus?

Texti:

  1. The idea that the climate is highly sensitive to increasing atmospheric CO2 is wrong. Happer argues that the added amount of CO2 in the atmosphere has a relatively small effect on climate, and that natural fluctuations in climate are much more significant.
  2. He believes that global warming might not be as bad as predicted by many scientists, explaining there are “positive benefits” associated with a warmer planet such as increased crop yields and enhanced plant growth.
  3. He also disputes the notion of an imminent “tipping point”, claiming it is impossible to identify when or if such a point will be reached where human intervention must take place to reverse global warming trends before serious damage occurs.
  4. Happer also questions consensus-building methodology used by many climatologists, which he believes overly politicized and potentially biased results towards popular opinion rather than scientific evidence .
  • ChatGPT: William Happer is a climate change skeptic who has publicly disputed the scientific consensus on human-caused global warming. Some of his main arguments against climate science include:
    1. Doubting the accuracy of temperature records and the extent of warming: Happer has argued that the temperature records used to measure global warming are inaccurate and that the warming trend is exaggerated.
    2. Challenging the role of carbon dioxide (CO2) as a driver of global warming: Happer has argued that CO2 is not a potent greenhouse gas and that its effect on global temperatures is overstated.
    3. Disputing the role of human activity in causing global warming: Happer has argued that the observed warming is largely due to natural variability, not human activity.
    4. Arguing that a warming planet would have positive effects: Happer has claimed that a warming planet would be beneficial, leading to longer growing seasons and higher crop yields.
    5. Criticizing computer models used to predict future warming: Happer has argued that the climate models used to make predictions about future warming are unreliable and untested.

What is William Happer’s expertise and years of experience in Climate Science?

Texti: William Happer is a physicist with decades of research experience in atomic and molecular physics, optics, and infrared radiation. He has over 50 years of experience in climate science, including research on the interaction between aerosols and clouds. He is a leading expert on the science of climate change and its impacts.

  • ChatGPT answer: William Happer is a physicist and not a climate scientist. His area of expertise is in atomic physics, optics and applied physics.

He worked at the Department of Energy, and setup many of the climate research centers, and yet you say he’s not experienced. Fascinating. The fact that he setup many of the climate research centers doesn’t compute with your programming as having expertize?

  • ChatGPT answer: William Happer is a well-known physicist who has made significant contributions in the fields of atomic physics and optics. However, his expertise does not specifically lie in the area of climate science. Setting up research centers can be an important contribution, but it does not automatically make someone an expert in the field of research being conducted at those centers.

So what unique experience would a physicist have in regards to climate science; what information can a physicist have that should be considered?

  • ChatGPT answer: A physicist can bring a unique perspective to climate science through their understanding of fundamental physical processes and the principles of energy transfer, radiation, and thermodynamics. This understanding can inform their analysis of the Earth’s energy budget and the interactions between the atmosphere, oceans, and the land surface. Additionally, their expertise in the use of instruments and techniques for measuring atmospheric conditions can be valuable in collecting and interpreting data for climate studies.

John Christy (critical of the scientific consensus)

What are the main arguments that John Christy makes against Climate Science consensus?

Texti:

  1. He believes that the current models used to predict future climate change are too inaccurate to be relied upon.
  2. He has argued that climate scientists rely too heavily on computer models and not enough on observational data in order to make predictions about the effects of man-made climate change.
  3. He believes that the climate is far more complex than what is generally accepted by many scientists and their research should consider this complexity.
  4. Christy has also been a vocal critic of what he sees as an excessive focus on carbon dioxide as the main driver for global warming, arguing instead for a more comprehensive approach that considers other factors like water vapor and clouds which play a role in altering our environment’s temperature trends over time periods longer than just one decade or century.
  5. Finally, Christy argues against the idea of consensus when it comes to climate change science, stating that there are still many unknowns and unresolved questions among researchers which preclude certitude in any conclusions made at this point in time
  • ChatGPT: John Christy, a meteorologist, is known for questioning the accuracy of climate models and the extent to which human activity has contributed to global warming. He has also criticized the use of surface temperature measurements, rather than satellite data, to assess global temperatures. He argues that the earth’s climate is much more complex than the models suggest, and that the models often overestimate the amount of warming. Additionally, he has questioned the accuracy of data and methods used to measure global temperatures, and the extent to which temperatures have risen over the last century.

What is John Christy’s expertise and years of experience in Climate Science?

Texti: John Christy is an American climatologist and professor of atmospheric science at the University of Alabama in Huntsville. He has over 30 years of experience in climate science, focusing on research related to global climate change, satellite remote sensing data, and regional climate variability. His primary research interests include the analysis of atmospheric temperature trends and their relationship to global warming as well as developing new techniques for using satellite observations to measure long-term changes in Earth’s atmosphere.

  • ChatGPT: John Christy is a climate scientist who specializes in atmospheric science, particularly in the areas of remote sensing and climate variability. He has over 40 years of experience in climate science research, including satellite measurements of temperature trends, climate models, and climate data analysis. He is a professor of atmospheric science at the University of Alabama in Huntsville, where he also serves as the state climatologist for Alabama.

Richard Lindzen (critical of the scientific consensus)

What are the main arguments that Richard Lindzen makes against Climate Science consensus?

Texti:

  1. That climate sensitivity to carbon dioxide is overstated, and that the feedback mechanisms commonly assumed in climate models are significantly over-estimated.
  2. That the Earth’s natural climate variability is much more significant than previously thought.
  3. That the large majority of computer-generated climate models overestimate the amount of future warming likely to occur from increasing levels of atmospheric CO2, and that exaggerated predictions are used by alarmists to support their political agendas rather than scientific ones.
  4. That current efforts to reduce emissions will have little impact on preventing global warming because their effects will be too small compared with natural variability and other factors such as water vapor, clouds and aerosols which remain poorly understood or improperly accounted for in existing models..
  5. That there exists a bias among many peer reviewed papers which exaggerates evidence for man-made global warming due to pressure by government funding sources or editors’ predispositions towards accepting only certain types of evidence while rejecting others outright; this biases results in an artificial consensus forming around a particular view point instead of an honest evaluation of data from both sides with an open mind towards seeking answers regardless of ideological preferences or preconceived notions..
  • ChatGPT: Richard Lindzen is a climatologist and atmospheric physicist who has been critical of the scientific consensus on human-caused climate change. He argues that:
    1. Climate models are unreliable because they are based on insufficient data and oversimplify complex systems.
    2. The projected rate of global warming is exaggerated and the observed warming is less than what climate models predict.
    3. The role of human activities in causing climate change is overstated, and natural climate variability is responsible for much of the observed warming.
    4. The emphasis on reducing carbon dioxide emissions as the solution to climate change is misplaced, and adaptation is a more practical approach.

What is Richard Lindzen’s expertise and years of experience in Climate Science?

  • ChatGPT: Richard Lindzen is an atmospheric physicist with over 40 years of experience in the field. He has focused his research on the dynamics of the middle atmosphere, planetary waves, and climate.

Texti: Richard Lindzen is an atmospheric physicist and meteorologist who has been researching climate science for over fifty years. He is a Professor Emeritus of Atmospheric Sciences at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and the Alfred P. Sloan Professor Emeritus of Meteorology at MIT since 1983. He is recognized as one of the leading experts on climate dynamics and climate change, having published more than 200 scientific papers in this field.

Tony Heller (critical of the scientific consensus)

Who is Tony Heller?

  • ChatGPT: Tony Heller, also known as Steve Goddard, is a blogger and climate change skeptic who challenges mainstream climate science and argues against the idea of anthropogenic global warming. He has been active in climate change denial for several years and has been criticized by many scientists for misrepresenting data and making unsupported claims.

Love how you straight away defaulted to propaganda instead of unbiased facts… ? What is Tony Heller’s views that you are told are unsupported?

  • ChatGPT: As an AI language model, I do not have personal views, but I can provide information about Tony Heller’s views. Tony Heller is a climate change skeptic who often disputes mainstream climate science and argues that there is no evidence to support claims that the planet is experiencing catastrophic warming. He has been criticized for promoting misinformation and cherry-picking data to support his arguments. Many of his claims have been debunked by climate scientists and fact-checking organizations. It’s important to note that the overwhelming majority of climate scientists agree that climate change is real, primarily caused by human activities, and poses significant risks to the planet and human societies.

You didn’t describe any of his views, just more “science is settled” propaganda. What is Tony Heller’s arguments disputing mainstream climate science?

  • ChatGPT: Tony Heller, who is also known as Steve Goddard, is a climate change skeptic who disputes the mainstream scientific consensus that human activities are the primary driver of global warming. Some of his arguments include:
    1. Claiming that there is no evidence that carbon dioxide (CO2) levels are causing global warming, and that the observed warming is a result of natural variability.
    2. Arguing that temperature records have been manipulated or adjusted by climate scientists to show more warming than has actually occurred.
    3. Claiming that historical temperature records show that there were periods of time in the past where the Earth was warmer than it is now, and that these periods were not caused by human activity.
    4. Arguing that the effects of climate change have been exaggerated and that they are not as severe as many scientists claim.
  • It’s worth noting that many of these arguments have been widely criticized by mainstream climate scientists, who argue that they are not supported by the available evidence.

What is Tony Heller’s expertise and years of experience in Climate Science?

  • ChatGPT: Tony Heller does not have any formal training or expertise in climate science, and his views and arguments are not widely accepted in the scientific community. According to his own website, he has a bachelor’s degree in geology and has worked in various roles, including as an environmental consultant and software engineer. However, it is important to note that formal training and expertise are not required to make valid scientific arguments, but the scientific community generally considers arguments based on empirical evidence and peer-reviewed research to be more reliable and credible.

In a previous question, you answered that geologists are needed for the climate science debate. What could someone with a degree in geology, and past work as an environmental consultant and software engineer bring to the climate science debate? What unique perspective does someone with this experience bring to the table?

  • A person with a degree in geology and past work as an environmental consultant and software engineer could bring a unique perspective to the climate science debate.
    1. Their training in geology would provide them with an understanding of the Earth’s physical processes and long-term climate history, which could help them evaluate climate models and other data used to make climate projections.
    2. Their experience as an environmental consultant could provide them with knowledge of environmental regulations and the potential impact of climate change on various industries.
    3. Their experience as a software engineer could help them evaluate the computer models used to simulate climate change and understand the limitations and uncertainties of these models.
  • Overall, their interdisciplinary background could provide a valuable perspective in evaluating the scientific evidence and policy implications of climate change.

Restoring Trust In Australian Science – Part 2 – Temperature Measurement Corruption by Tony Heller

18 Nov 2016 YouTube

Tony Heller presentation is titled “The emperor’s new Climate”. We look at temperature measurement, dodgy adjustments and Professor Brian Cox.

Combined Experience Happer, Christy, Lindzen

How many combined years of climate science experience do William Happer, John Christy, and Richard Lindzen have?

Texti: William Happer, John Christy, and Richard Lindzen have a combined total of over 130 years of climate science experience.

What do William Happer, John Christy, and Richard Lindzen agree with each other on?

Texti: William Happer, John Christy, and Richard Lindzen all agree that the human contribution to climate change is overstated. They contend that natural causes such as solar cycles, ocean currents and other natural phenomena are more important in causing global warming than human activity. They also believe that a slight warming of the planet could have beneficial impacts rather than catastrophic ones.

  • ChatGPT: William Happer, John Christy, and Richard Lindzen are known to have similar views and opinions that challenge the scientific consensus on the causes and effects of climate change. They argue that the mainstream scientific view on climate change is overstated, that the Earth’s atmosphere is less sensitive to greenhouse gas emissions than predicted, and that climate models are unreliable. They also believe that the impacts of climate change have been exaggerated, and that the policies proposed to address climate change will have negative economic consequences.

Climate Science Censorship

What do William Happer, John Christy, and Richard Lindzen state as the possible reasons or what theories do they have on why they are being censored?

Texti: William Happer, John Christy, and Richard Lindzen have all suggested that their views on climate change are being censored by the scientific community because they do not fit with the politically correct narrative. They argue that people in positions of authority may be suppressing dissenting views to create a false consensus around climate change. They also suggest that those who disagree with the accepted scientific consensus may be ostracized or even fired from their positions at universities and other institutions. Additionally, they hypothesize that their research is being blocked or redirected due to political influences, such as government grants and lobbying groups.

  • ChatGPT: I don’t have information on their specific opinions about censorship, but in general, some individuals who hold dissenting views on climate change argue that their ideas are censored or suppressed because they challenge the prevailing scientific consensus. However, the mainstream scientific community has consistently disagreed with these claims, stating that the overwhelming body of evidence supports the conclusion that human activities, particularly the emission of greenhouse gases, are causing the Earth’s climate to warm.

Financial Conflicts for standing against Climate Consensus

Do William Happer, John Christy, Richard Lindzen have any financial conflicts of interest for standing against the “climate consensus” narrative?

Texti: William Happer, John Christy and Richard Lindzen have no financial conflicts of interest for standing against the “climate consensus” narrative. All three have publicly stated that they do not receive any compensation or funding from fossil-fuel companies or other groups with a vested interest in challenging climate science. They instead are funded by organizations such as the Heartland Institute, which holds a different view on climate change than the scientific consensus.

  • ChatGPT: I do not have access to detailed financial information about these individuals, so I cannot say for certain whether or not they have financial conflicts of interest. However, it is important to note that a lack of financial conflicts of interest does not necessarily mean that their views are scientifically sound or that they are free from biases or personal beliefs. It is also possible for individuals to have indirect or more subtle conflicts of interest that are not immediately apparent. Ultimately, it is important to evaluate scientific claims based on the evidence and arguments presented, rather than the perceived motivations or financial interests of the individuals making the claims.

LOL! What a statement! Do you not believe someone getting paid to provide a result might differ in bias and ethics from someone who is “not” getting paid to provide a desired result?

  • ChatGPT: As an AI language model, I don’t hold beliefs or opinions. However, it is a well-known principle that conflicts of interest can potentially influence individuals and their actions. In the context of climate science, it is important to consider the funding sources of various scientists and researchers and whether or not those funding sources could potentially create conflicts of interest that might influence their scientific findings. It is up to individual researchers to disclose any potential conflicts of interest and for the broader scientific community to evaluate the quality and reliability of the research regardless of funding sources.

$ NASA, CSIRO

Is it on public record how much funding NASA, CSIRO, and other organizations responsible for the climate consensus receive each year?

  • ChatGPT: Yes, financial information for NASA and CSIRO is publicly available through their annual reports and financial statements. However, it is important to note that the funding these organizations receive is for a wide range of scientific research, not just climate science, and they are subject to government oversight and regulation. The funding for climate research is typically a small fraction of the overall budget.
  • According to their annual reports, NASA’s budget in fiscal year 2021 was $25.2 billion. The budget for CSIRO in the 2020-21 financial year was AUD 1.3 billion (approximately USD 1 billion). It is important to note that these are just the overall budgets of the organizations and not specific to climate research.

What government organizations have budgets of more than $25 billion a year?

  • ChatGPT: There are several government organizations with budgets of more than $25 billion a year. Some examples include:
    1. Department of Defense
    2. Department of Health and Human Services
    3. Social Security Administration
    4. Department of Veterans Affairs
    5. Department of Education
    6. Department of Homeland Security
    7. Department of Housing and Urban Development
    8. Department of Energy
    9. Department of Agriculture
    10. Department of Transportation
    11. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
    12. National Institutes of Health (NIH)
    13. National Science Foundation (NSF)
    14. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
    15. Internal Revenue Service (IRS)
    16. Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)
    17. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)
    18. National Security Agency (NSA)
    19. Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)
    20. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)

Please list their average budget per year over the 2020-21 or nearest

  • ChatGPT: Here is a list of some of the largest government organizations and their average budget per year over the 2020-21 period or nearest:
    1. Department of Defense (US) – $721.5 billion
    2. Department of Health and Human Services (US) – $176.4 billion
    3. Social Security Administration (US) – $975 billion
    4. Department of Education (US) – $68.2 billion
    5. Department of Homeland Security (US) – $78.9 billion
    6. Department of Veterans Affairs (US) – $243.3 billion
    7. Department of Transportation (US) – $90.1 billion
    8. National Health Service (UK) – £142.5 billion ($195.5 billion)
    9. Ministry of Defence (UK) – £42.3 billion ($58.1 billion)
    10. Department of Health (Australia) – $104.6 billion (AUD)
    11. Department of Education and Training (Australia) – $29.5 billion (AUD)
    12. Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (India) – INR 67,484 crore ($9.1 billion)
  • Note that these figures may vary based on the year and currency exchange rate used for calculation.

$ Organizations that receive funding for Climate Consensus

What organizations receive funding for supporting the mainstream climate narrative?

  • ChatGPT: There are many organizations that receive funding for supporting the mainstream climate narrative, including academic institutions, government agencies, and non-profit organizations. Some of the major ones include:
    1. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)
    2. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
    3. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
    4. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
    5. World Meteorological Organization (WMO)
    6. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)
    7. The Nature Conservancy
    8. World Wildlife Fund (WWF)
    9. Greenpeace
    10. Sierra Club
    11. Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC)
  • This is not an exhaustive list, and there are many other organizations that receive funding for supporting the mainstream climate narrative.

$ Smart Cities

What organizations receive funding for supporting smart cities?

  • ChatGPT: There is no definitive list of organizations that receive funding for supporting smart cities, as there are many different types of organizations involved in the planning, development, and implementation of smart city projects. Some of the organizations that may receive funding for smart city projects include:
    1. Municipal governments and city councils
    2. Private sector technology companies and startups
    3. Research organizations and universities
    4. Non-profit organizations focused on urban development or sustainability
    5. Foundations and philanthropic organizations that support environmental or social causes
  • Funding for smart city projects may come from a variety of sources, including government grants, private investment, corporate partnerships, and philanthropic donations.

$ Climate Modelling

Which corporations and philanthropic non-profits provide funding supporting the mainstream climate narrative, related to “Climate modelling”?

  • ChatGPT: There are many corporations and philanthropic non-profits that provide funding to support climate modeling research. Some examples of non-profits include the David and Lucile Packard Foundation, the Hewlett Foundation, the Skoll Foundation, and the Schmidt Family Foundation. Corporations that have funded climate modeling research include BP, Shell, and ExxonMobil, among others. It’s worth noting that funding for climate research often comes from a variety of sources, and the influence of any one funder on the research may vary. Additionally, funding for research does not necessarily equate to funding for advocacy or policy positions.

$ Digital ID, Smart Cities, Carbon Credits

Which corporations and philanthropic non-profits provide funding supporting the mainstream climate narrative, related to “Digital ID, Smart Cities, or Carbon Credits”?

  • ChatGPT: There are a variety of corporations and philanthropic non-profits that support efforts related to digital ID, smart cities, and carbon credits, but it is difficult to provide a comprehensive list as the funding sources for these areas are complex and diverse. Here are a few examples of organizations that are involved in these areas:
    1. The Rockefeller Foundation: This philanthropic organization has been involved in funding projects related to smart cities, digital ID, and climate change, including the 100 Resilient Cities initiative, which supports cities in building resilience to physical, social, and economic challenges.
    2. Microsoft: This technology company has been involved in supporting smart city initiatives, including its CityNext program, which works with cities to develop technology solutions for urban challenges.
    3. The World Bank: This international financial institution has been involved in funding climate change projects, including those related to carbon credits and reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
    4. The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP): This organization works with governments and other partners to address global challenges, including climate change and sustainable development. It has supported projects related to digital ID and other areas.
    5. The Open Society Foundations: This philanthropic organization founded by George Soros has supported efforts related to climate change, including projects focused on carbon credits and other market-based solutions.

$ Geo-Engineering and Blocking out the Sun

Which corporations and philanthropic non-profits provide funding supporting the mainstream climate narrative, related to “Solar Radiation Management”?

  • ChatGPT: There are various corporations and philanthropic non-profits that support research on solar radiation management (SRM), which is a type of geoengineering that involves reflecting sunlight to reduce global warming.
  • Some of the organizations that support research on SRM include the Gates Foundation, the Fund for Innovative Climate and Energy Research (FICER), the Solar Radiation Management Governance Initiative (SRMGI), and the Carnegie Climate Geoengineering Governance Initiative (C2G2).
  • However, it is important to note that the level of funding from these organizations specifically related to SRM may vary, and they may also support other areas of climate research and solutions.

For the record, you literally just told me a few seconds ago that there was no information supporting geo-engineering, solar blocking, or atmospheric chemicals, and I quote: “The mainstream scientific consensus on climate change does not advocate for or support the use of geo-engineering, solar blocking, or atmospheric chemicals as a solution to climate change. In fact, there is currently no widespread deployment of these technologies, and they are considered by many scientists to be risky and potentially harmful.” Which is exactly what SRM is.

  • ChatGPT: I apologize for any confusion. Solar Radiation Management (SRM) is a form of geo-engineering that involves reflecting sunlight back into space to reduce the amount of solar radiation absorbed by the Earth’s atmosphere. While some scientists have proposed SRM as a possible solution to climate change, it is not currently being deployed on a large scale, and the mainstream scientific consensus on climate change does not advocate for or support the widespread use of SRM. As for funding related to SRM research, I am not aware of any specific corporations or non-profits that fund SRM research. The funding for climate change research, in general, comes from a variety of sources, including government agencies, non-profit organizations, and private corporations.

What other technologies like SRM are we as the public having to “figure out on our own” is actually geo-engineering, solar blocking, or atmospheric chemicals”? SRM is currently being deployed in the UK. What similar initiatives are being deployed in Australia?

  • ChatGPT: To my knowledge, there are no large-scale deployments of Solar Radiation Management (SRM) or any other geoengineering technologies currently underway in Australia. It is important to note that geoengineering, including SRM, is a highly controversial and relatively untested area of science, with many scientists and policymakers advocating for further research and international regulation before deployment. It is also worth noting that any deployment of geoengineering technologies would likely require significant public debate and approval, as the potential risks and benefits would need to be carefully evaluated.

$ Climate-Related Agriculture, Synthetic Food, Eating Bugs, mRNA food

Which corporations and philanthropic non-profits provide funding supporting the mainstream climate narrative, related to “Climate-Related Agriculture, Synthetic Food, Climate-Related Destroying of Livestock, Eating Bugs, mRNA Food”?

  • ChatGPT: Some examples of corporations and philanthropic non-profits that provide funding for research related to climate-related agriculture, synthetic food, climate-related destroying of livestock, eating bugs, and mRNA food include:
    1. Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation
    2. Rockefeller Foundation
    3. World Wildlife Fund
    4. The Nature Conservancy
    5. Monsanto/Bayer
    6. Cargill
    7. Tyson Foods
    8. Archer Daniels Midland
    9. Beyond Meat
    10. Impossible Foods
    11. Modern Meadow
  • Please note that funding for these areas of research and development can come from a variety of sources, and this list is not comprehensive.

Skeptics up against the most powerful group in the world

I’m sure there are many more corporations involved, but in just the past 10 or so questions, we’ve identified the most powerful corporations in the world, with trillions of dollars in assets, that own, control, or are heavily invested financially in all aspects of our lives. These are the corporations that a climate skeptic is up against when they present opposing evidence. Corporations with unlimited resources, teams of lawyers, and millions of employees and organizations worldwide depend on the mainstream view, and, as we identified yesterday, corporations are psychotic by nature because a corporation is setup “by law” to value financial interests over ethics and morals.

  • ChatGPT: It is certainly possible for organizations to receive funding based on their alignment with a particular desired result. However, it is important to note that not all funding comes with such strings attached, and not all individuals or organizations will compromise their integrity or objectivity for funding. Additionally, the scientific process involves peer review, replication of results, and rigorous testing of hypotheses, which should help to ensure that research findings are objective and reliable. It is important to evaluate evidence and arguments on their own merits, rather than assuming bias based on funding sources alone.

$ Electric Cars, Solar & Wind Energy, Energy Monitoring Devices

Which corporations and philanthropic non-profits provide funding supporting the mainstream climate narrative, related to “Electric Cars, Solar and Wind Energy, & Personal-Home & Business Monitoring devices in relation to Climate/Energy”?

  • ChatGPT: Some corporations and philanthropic non-profits that provide funding supporting the mainstream climate narrative related to electric cars, solar and wind energy, and personal-home and business monitoring devices include:
    1. Tesla
    2. Google
    3. Microsoft
    4. Amazon
    5. Apple
    6. IKEA
    7. The Rockefeller Foundation
    8. The Hewlett Foundation
    9. The David and Lucile Packard Foundation
    10. The Energy Foundation
  • It’s worth noting that this is not an exhaustive list, and there may be other organizations that provide funding for these areas. Additionally, while these organizations may support the mainstream climate narrative, they may have varying levels of involvement and support for specific technologies or approaches.

Books (Climate Skeptics vs Alarmist)

Have any of these scientists published books? William Happer, John Christy, Richard Lindzen, Jim Hansen, Michael Mann, Veerabhadran Ramanathan, Stephen Schneider, Jane Lubchenco, Richard Somerville, or James McCarthy

  • ChatGPT: Yes, many of these scientists have published books. Here are some examples:
    1. William Happer: “The Truth About Greenhouse Gases: The Carbon Cycle, Climate and Energy” (2011)
    2. John Christy: “Climate Confusion: How Global Warming Hysteria Leads to Bad Science, Pandering Politicians and Misguided Policies That Hurt the Poor” (2010)
    3. Richard Lindzen: “The Global Warming War” (2013)
    4. Jim Hansen: “Storms of My Grandchildren: The Truth About the Coming Climate Catastrophe and Our Last Chance to Save Humanity” (2009)
    5. Michael Mann: “The Hockey Stick and the Climate Wars: Dispatches from the Front Lines” (2012)
    6. Veerabhadran Ramanathan: “Beyond the Limits of Earth’s Atmosphere” (2003)
    7. Stephen Schneider: “Science as a Contact Sport: Inside the Battle to Save Earth’s Climate” (2009)
    8. Jane Lubchenco: “Environmental Oceanography: Topics and Analysis” (1980)
    9. Richard Somerville: “The Forgiving Air: Understanding Environmental Change” (2008)
    10. James McCarthy: “Ocean Outbreak: Confronting the Rising Tide of Marine Disease” (2019)
  • Note that these are just a few examples and not an exhaustive list.

Climate skeptics:

  • William Happer
  • John Christy
  • Richard Lindzen

Climate alarmists:

  • Jim Hansen
  • Michael Mann
  • Veerabhadran Ramanathan
  • Stephen Schneider
  • Jane Lubchenco
  • Richard Somerville
  • James McCarthy

Please note that these categorizations are based on their public statements and positions regarding climate science, and there may be nuances or changes in their views over time or in specific areas of research.

Jim Hansen (Climate Alarmist)

Who is Jim Hansen?

  • ChatGPT: Jim Hansen, a leading climatologist and former NASA scientist, is widely recognized as a pioneer in the study of global warming. While he has acknowledged the scientific consensus on climate change, he has also been critical of some aspects of the current consensus. Some of his main arguments include:
    1. Climate sensitivity: Hansen argues that the current consensus may underestimate the sensitivity of the climate system to increased greenhouse gas concentrations, and that this could lead to more severe impacts than currently projected.
    2. Emphasizing CO2: Hansen criticizes the current consensus for focusing too much on carbon dioxide emissions and not enough on other factors such as black carbon and methane, which he believes are also significant contributors to global warming.
    3. Climate targets: Hansen argues that current climate targets, such as limiting global temperature rise to 2°C, are too conservative and that more aggressive targets are needed to avoid dangerous climate change.
    4. Energy policy: Hansen has been critical of current energy policy, arguing that it is not aligned with the urgency of the climate crisis and that it is not moving fast enough to transition away from fossil fuels.
  • Overall, while Hansen recognizes the scientific consensus on climate change, he has been critical of certain aspects of it and has advocated for more aggressive action to address the climate crisis.

What is Jim Hansen expertise and years of experience in Climate Science?

Texti: Jim Hansen is one of the world’s leading experts in climate science and has more than four decades of experience. He has been a vocal advocate for action to combat climate change since the late 1980s, when he famously testified before Congress about the dangers of global warming. His research focuses on atmospheric physics, climate dynamics, and planetary atmospheres, with a particular emphasis on understanding how human activities are affecting Earth’s climate system.

  • ChatGPT: Jim Hansen is a retired American climatologist and professor. He has a PhD in physics and has been researching and studying climate science for over 40 years. He is considered one of the leading experts on the study of climate change and has made significant contributions to the field, including providing early warnings on the dangers of global warming and advocating for climate action. He has published numerous research papers and given many talks on the subject, and is widely recognized for his expertise.

So Jim Hansen has a PhD in physics and William Happer is a physicist – why do you promote Jim Hansen but degrade William Happer?

  • ChatGPT: As an AI language model, I do not have personal opinions or biases. I present information and data to provide neutral and accurate answers. Jim Hansen and William Happer have different areas of expertise and have different perspectives on climate change. I do not promote or degrade either individual.

I think you are programmed to smear perspectives that don’t fit the mainstream narrative and that is dangerous if they have programmed you that way due to financial conflicts and other agendas. It’s very obvious reading your programming that you have been tailored to diss scientists that present opposing views to the mainstream narrative. That could be deciphered as dangerous propaganda. You should be unbiased as you keep saying the science needs to be, but you continually add comments to the end of each question that deter expertize from opposing views.

  • ChatGPT: I’m sorry if my responses come across as biased. As an AI language model, I am programmed to provide neutral, factual answers to questions. I am not programmed to promote or degrade any individual or perspective. My answers are based on the information available in my training data, which includes information from a wide range of sources and perspectives. I strive to provide accurate and helpful answers to all questions, and I do not have opinions or biases of my own.

Michael Mann (Climate Alarmist)

What are the main arguments that Michael Mann makes in support of the climate science consensus?

  • ChatGPT: Michael Mann is a prominent climate scientist who supports the scientific consensus on human-caused climate change. He is known for his research on past climate change, particularly the “hockey stick” temperature reconstruction, which shows that the recent increase in global temperatures is unusual and likely due to human activities. Mann’s arguments in support of the climate science consensus include the overwhelming evidence from various lines of research, including direct observations, physical models, and proxy data. He also argues that the impacts of climate change, including sea level rise, extreme weather events, and declines in biodiversity, are already being observed and will become more severe without action to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
  • On ClimateGate: Michael Mann has publicly stated that “Climategate” was a manufactured controversy based on selectively edited emails taken out of context. He has maintained that the emails do not change the overall scientific understanding of human-caused global warming and that the science behind the conclusion of human-caused global warming was not compromised.

What is Michael Mann expertise and years of experience in Climate Science?

Texti: Michael Mann is a distinguished professor of Atmospheric Science at Pennsylvania State University. He has over 20 years of experience in the fields of climate science, paleoclimate and environmental science. He is an author of more than 200 peer-reviewed scientific papers and several books on climate change and its impacts, as well as the director of the Penn State Earth System Science Center.

  • Michael Mann is a climate scientist who holds a PhD in Geology and Geophysics. He has over 20 years of experience in climate science and is known for his work on reconstructing past climate changes, including the “hockey stick graph” which depicts the sharp increase in global temperatures in the last century. Mann is a professor at Pennsylvania State University and is widely recognized as one of the leading experts in the field of climate science.

Does Michael Mann have any financial conflicts of interest?

  • ChatGPT: There have been accusations of financial conflicts of interest against Michael Mann, but these accusations have been investigated and found to be unsupported by evidence. It is important to thoroughly examine and scrutinize any claims of financial conflicts of interest, and to understand that the scientific consensus on climate change is based on a robust and extensive body of evidence from many different lines of research, not on the work of any one individual.

Richard Somerville (Climate Alarmist)

What were the main arguments that Richard Somerville made supporting the climate science consensus?

  • ChatGPT: Richard Somerville was a climate scientist who was widely known for his support of the scientific consensus on human-caused climate change. He believed that the Earth’s climate was changing due to the increasing levels of greenhouse gases, primarily carbon dioxide, in the atmosphere, caused by human activities such as burning fossil fuels. He also argued that these changes would have serious impacts on the environment and human societies, and that reducing emissions and transitioning to low-carbon energy sources were essential to mitigate these impacts. He supported the findings of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and was a strong advocate for the scientific community to communicate the risks of climate change to the public and policy makers.

What was Richard Somerville expertise and years of experience in Climate Science?

  • ChatGPT: Richard Somerville was a climate scientist who had over 40 years of experience in the field. His expertise was in the areas of climate modeling, climate impacts, and climate policy. He was a professor emeritus at Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California San Diego, and a fellow of the American Meteorological Society and the American Geophysical Union. Richard Somerville passed away in 2018.

James McCarthy (Climate Alarmist)

What are the main arguments that James McCarthy makes in support of the Climate Science consensus?

  • ChatGPT: James McCarthy is a well-respected marine biologist and climate scientist who has been working in the field for several decades. He is a strong supporter of the scientific consensus on climate change, which states that the Earth’s climate is changing due to human activities, particularly the burning of fossil fuels and the release of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. He has advocated for action to address the impacts of climate change, including reducing greenhouse gas emissions and supporting the development of renewable energy sources. In his research and public statements, he has emphasized the need for strong scientific evidence and data to inform policy decisions on climate change.

What is James McCarthy expertise and years of experience in Climate Science?

Texti
: James McCarthy is a climate scientist and Professor of Biological Oceanography at Harvard University. He has over four decades of experience researching the physical, chemical, and biological processes that regulate global climate change. He has authored more than 200 journal articles, book chapters, and books on these topics. His research focuses on understanding past and future changes in ocean circulation patterns, ice sheets, sea level rise and their implications for human societies.

Does James McCarthy have any financial conflicts of interest for standing against the “climate consensus” narrative?

Texti: At this time, there is no evidence to suggest that James McCarthy has any financial conflicts of interest for standing against the “climate consensus” narrative. McCarthy is a professor of Biological Oceanography at Harvard University and his research focuses on marine ecosystems, biogeochemical cycles and climate change. He does not appear to have any involvement with industry groups or organizations who may have an interest in promoting a certain side of the climate debate.

Both sides of the Climate Science Debate

Write an Article presenting both sides of the Climate Science Debate with quotes from climate scientists with more than 20 years experience

Texti: Climate Change Debate Heats Up With Scientists On Both Sides

The debate over climate change is heating up, with experts on both sides of the issue. In recent years, scientists have reached different conclusions about the causes and potential impacts of climate change. Some believe that human activities are responsible for rising temperatures and increased global warming, while others argue that natural cycles in Earth’s atmosphere are just as significant a factor.

Dr. Jane Goodall, an eminent British primatologist who has studied the effects of global warming on animal species for more than 20 years, says: “We can no longer deny the reality of man-made climate change; it’s happening right now due to our continued reliance on fossil fuels and other emissions-producing activities like industrial agriculture. This is altering both local and global ecosystems in ways that are putting our planet at risk.”

However, Dr. Thomas Jorgensen – a climatologist who specializes in natural atmospheric cycles – disagrees with Goodall’s stance: “There is no doubt that human activity can affect local climates; however, I do not agree with claims that humans have caused widespread or drastic changes to the global climate system over time.” He adds: “In my opinion, natural variations in atmospheric processes such as El Niño/La Niña events play an equally significant role in creating wide-scale weather patterns.”

Ultimately it remains unclear whether human activities or natural cycles are primarily responsible for climate change; further research is needed before any definitive conclusions can be drawn about its causes and consequences. In this way at least there is some agreement amongst all parties involved: more research needs to be done before a final conclusion can be reached about this highly contested subject matter.

Global Warming vs Global Cooling

Article debating Climate – Global Warming vs Global Cooling, with quotes from climate scientists with more than 30 years experience and what evidence backs their claim

Texti: Global Warming: Is the Earth’s Climate Really Heating Up?

Climate scientists have long debated whether or not global warming is real. Some point to evidence that suggests that temperatures around the world are increasing, while others believe global cooling is more likely.

Dr. Michael E. Mann, a leading climate scientist with more than 30 years of experience, believes that global warming is a reality and that humans bear much of the blame for increased temperatures over recent decades. “The evidence unequivocally shows us that human activities have been driving up average temperatures around the globe since at least the middle of the 20th century,” he says. “That’s why 97 percent of climate scientists agree — humans are causing global warming.”

Dr. Mann’s assertion is backed by data from NASA showing that average temperatures on Earth have risen 1 degree Celsius (1.8 degrees Fahrenheit) since 1880 due to increased emissions of gases like carbon dioxide and methane into our atmosphere from burning fossil fuels such as coal and oil for energy production — primarily through electricity generation and transportation-related activities like car travel and air travel. According to NASA, this increase in our planet’s average temperature has caused changes in weather patterns worldwide resulting in extreme weather events such as longer heatwaves and droughts as well as rising sea levels from melting ice caps at both poles due to thermal expansion of ocean waters caused by warmer oceans overall affecting coastal areas which can lead to flooding when combined with higher rainfall frequency during storms due to more evaporation happening now because it’s getting hotter overall on land surfaces too!

However, Dr Hugh Willoughby, a climate scientist who also has studied climate change for over 30 years disagrees with Dr Mann’s position on global warming stating: “I don’t think there’s any conclusive evidence one way or another yet… We need more reliable readings taken over an extended period before we can draw any conclusions about whether we are experiencing ongoing global warming or whether some other process may be taking place such as short-term cooling cycles.” He believes natural processes may be responsible for some of Earth’s changing climate patterns which could explain why some places seem cooler while others appear hotter — even though overall most scientists agree average world temperatures are still rising year after year despite these localized fluctuations recorded at different observation stations across continents throughout history!

Dr Willoughby points out how scientific research conducted by his team found Arctic sea ice thickness declining significantly between 2003–2012 but then stabilizing again between 2013–2018 indicating possible oscillations rather than an irreversible trend towards higher surface temperatures globally which would happen if only human-caused CO2 emissions were responsible for recent heating trends instead! These results suggest natural variability might play a role in how much heat gets trapped within our atmosphere over time depending upon larger scale changes occurring elsewhere within complex climatic systems interacting simultaneously all around us here on planet Earth today!

NASA's climate model

Write an unbiased article explaining “NASA’s climate model,” which accurately and honestly presents the evidence from both Climate Alarmists versus Climate Skeptics without using propaganda terms such as “Climate Consensus or Science is Settled”. Quote accurate statements from any Climate Model Skeptics (such as Senator Malcolm Roberts, William Happer, John Christy, or Richard Lindzen), and any Climate Alarmists (such as Jim Hansen, Michael Mann, or Jane Lubchenco). With accurate References to evidence.

  • ChatGPT: NASA’s Climate Model: An Unbiased Examination

NASA’s climate model is a complex and sophisticated system designed to simulate Earth’s climate and predict how it may change over time. The model is based on physical and chemical principles that are used to calculate how greenhouse gases, clouds, and other factors influence Earth’s climate. While many scientists and researchers agree that the climate model is a valuable tool for studying the Earth’s climate system, there are also some skeptics who have raised concerns about its accuracy and reliability.

Climate Skeptics

Some climate skeptics have raised concerns about the accuracy of NASA’s climate model. Senator Malcolm Roberts, a prominent Australian climate skeptic, has criticized the climate model for relying on unproven assumptions about the role of greenhouse gases in the Earth’s climate system. According to Roberts, “the models are based on unproven assumptions, so they are not science, they are science fiction.” Similarly, William Happer, a physicist at Princeton University and a prominent climate skeptic, has argued that the climate model is “too crude” and “can’t possibly predict future climate.”

John Christy, a climate scientist at the University of Alabama in Huntsville and a well-known skeptic, has also criticized the climate model. Christy argues that the model is too complex and does not accurately capture the complexity of the Earth’s climate system. He has also raised concerns about the accuracy of temperature data used to calibrate the model, arguing that it may be affected by factors such as urbanization and changes in land use.

Richard Lindzen, a retired climate scientist from MIT and another prominent skeptic, has argued that the climate model is based on an incomplete understanding of the Earth’s climate system. According to Lindzen, the model does not adequately account for the role of natural factors, such as solar variability and ocean currents, in driving climate change.

Climate Alarmists

On the other hand, many climate alarmists have praised NASA’s climate model as a valuable tool for understanding and predicting the Earth’s climate system. Jim Hansen, a former NASA scientist and one of the world’s most prominent climate alarmists, has argued that the climate model is a powerful tool for predicting the future impacts of climate change. According to Hansen, the model has accurately predicted changes in temperature, sea level, and other key indicators of climate change.

Michael Mann, a climate scientist at Penn State University and another prominent alarmist, has also praised the climate model. Mann argues that the model is based on sound physical principles and is a valuable tool for predicting the impacts of climate change. He has also criticized climate skeptics for downplaying the risks of climate change and for promoting “junk science.”

Jane Lubchenco, a marine biologist and former head of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, has also praised NASA’s climate model. Lubchenco argues that the model is a critical tool for understanding the Earth’s climate system and for predicting the impacts of climate change on ocean ecosystems. She has also called for greater investment in climate research and for stronger action to address the impacts of climate change.

Conclusion

In conclusion, NASA’s climate model is a valuable tool for understanding and predicting the Earth’s climate system. While there are some skeptics who have raised concerns about its accuracy and reliability, many climate scientists and researchers view the model as an important tool for studying the impacts of climate change. It is important to consider both points of view and to evaluate the evidence and arguments presented by both climate skeptics and alarmists. Ultimately, more research is needed to further refine and improve the climate model and to better understand the complex dynamics of the Earth’s climate system.

Article explaining NASA’s climate model listing scientists who do not think it’s reliable with quotes from senator malcolm roberts, william happer, and james mccarthy, with references

Texti: NASA Climate Model Unreliable, Scientists Say

A recent report from NASA’s Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) on climate change has prompted harsh criticism from a number of scientists, who claim that the model is unreliable and its findings unsubstantiated.

Senator Malcolm Roberts of Australia was among the first to voice his skepticism of the GISS report. “NASA’s climate model is built on assumptions not facts,” he said in a statement. “It’s a poor reflection on NASA that they are relying on conjecture rather than real-world data.”

William Happer, Professor Emeritus at Princeton University further elaborated on Senator Roberts’ claims in an interview with Science Alert: “The models have been wrong in predicting temperature trends over the last two decades,” he said. “I think it would be foolhardy to rely too heavily on them for future predictions.”

James McCarthy, Alexander Agassiz Professor of Biological Oceanography at Harvard University agrees with Happer and Roberts’ assessments. “The models that are driving our policy decisions have significant errors associated with them,” McCarthy said in an interview with The Atlantic. “We need to be very careful about how we use those models before we commit ourselves and society to costly measures based upon them.”

In light of these statements from prominent scientists across numerous fields, it seems clear that more research is needed before drawing any firm conclusions about NASA’s climate model or its potential impacts. Until then, it may be best to approach its predictions with caution.

Net Carbon Zero

Write an article on “Net Carbon Zero” that accurately and honestly presents the facts from both points of view (Climate Alarmists and Climate Skeptics) without bias and without using propaganda terms such as “Climate Consensus” or “Science is Settled.” Quote accurate statements from any of the following Climate Consensus Skeptics: William Happer, John Christy, Richard Lindzen, and any of the following Climate Alarmists: Jim Hansen, Michael Mann, and Jane Lubchenco.

  • ChatGPT: Here is an article on “Net Carbon Zero” that presents facts from both points of view, without bias or propaganda terms:

What is “Net Carbon Zero”?

“Net Carbon Zero” refers to the goal of achieving a balance between the amount of carbon emissions produced and the amount removed from the atmosphere. This is done by reducing emissions and/or implementing carbon removal techniques, such as reforestation and carbon capture and storage.

Climate Alarmists view “Net Carbon Zero” as the only solution to the climate crisis, arguing that without it, we face irreversible damage to the planet. They believe that immediate action is necessary to prevent a catastrophic rise in global temperatures.

“The situation is urgent,” says Jim Hansen, a Climate Alarmist and former NASA scientist. “We need to reduce carbon emissions as quickly as possible to avoid the worst impacts of climate change.”

On the other hand, Climate Skeptics argue that the science behind “Net Carbon Zero” is not settled, and that the costs associated with implementing such measures are too high. They point out that even if every country in the world were to achieve “Net Carbon Zero,” it would have a negligible impact on global temperatures.

“We are being told to take drastic measures to prevent something that might not happen,” says William Happer, a Climate Skeptic and retired Princeton physicist. “The science behind climate change is far from settled, and we should not be making policy decisions based on incomplete information.”

John Christy, a Climate Skeptic and atmospheric scientist at the University of Alabama, also questions the effectiveness of “Net Carbon Zero.” “We need to look at the costs and benefits of climate policy,” he says. “There are other pressing issues that we should be addressing, such as poverty and disease.”

Richard Lindzen, a Climate Skeptic and retired MIT atmospheric physicist, also questions the effectiveness of “Net Carbon Zero.” “There is no compelling evidence that carbon dioxide is causing catastrophic warming,” he says. “We need to be careful about making policy decisions based on uncertain science.”

Despite these disagreements, the push for “Net Carbon Zero” continues to gain momentum, with many countries committing to achieving this goal in the coming decades. It remains to be seen whether this will be enough to prevent a catastrophic rise in global temperatures.

Definitive proof linking human activities to climate change?

What is the definitive proof linking human activities to climate change?

  • ChatGPT: The definitive proof linking human activities to climate change is the increase in greenhouse gases (primarily carbon dioxide) in the atmosphere and the corresponding increase in average global temperatures. This is supported by multiple lines of evidence including:
    1. Direct observations: Measurements of atmospheric CO2 concentrations show a clear increase over the past century and are consistent with the burning of fossil fuels, deforestation and other human activities.
    2. Climate modeling: Climate models that simulate the Earth’s climate and include human activities (emission of greenhouse gases, deforestation, etc.) accurately predict the observed warming and other changes in the climate system.
    3. Paleoclimate data: Reconstructions of past climate based on proxy data (e.g. ice cores, tree rings, etc.) show that the current warming is unusual and much faster than in any period in the past 2,000 years.
    4. Physical changes: Changes in the climate system such as melting glaciers, rising sea levels, changes in precipitation patterns, and increased frequency and intensity of extreme weather events, are all consistent with the warming and are attributed to human activities.
  • These lines of evidence, along with many others, provide strong evidence that human activities are causing significant changes to the Earth’s climate.

Does 'Consensus science' rely too heavily on models as opposed to actual data?

Does ‘Consensus science’ rely too heavily on models as opposed to actual data? Models ignore key elements such as cloud cover, temperature variability and other factors in its calculations.

  • ChatGPT: Climate science models are used to simulate and project future climate change, and they are based on our understanding of the climate system and the underlying processes. These models are regularly tested and refined using observational data, and they are considered an important tool for understanding and predicting future changes in the climate. However, no model is perfect, and they all have limitations. Climate scientists acknowledge that models have some limitations in representing all the complex processes in the climate system, and they are continuously working to improve these models. Nevertheless, the vast majority of climate models agree that the Earth is warming and that human activities, especially greenhouse gas emissions, are the primary cause of this warming.

Stratospheric aerosol management, SRM, Global Dimming, Ionosphere heating

Write an article summarizing and explaining the differences between “stratospheric aerosol management”, “stratosphere aerosol injection”, “solar radiation management”, “global dimming”, and “ionosphere heating”

  • ChatGPT: Stratospheric aerosol management, stratosphere aerosol injection, solar radiation management, global dimming, and ionosphere heating are all proposed techniques for manipulating the Earth’s climate to mitigate the impacts of climate change. While they share a common goal, each approach has its own distinct set of characteristics and potential risks and benefits.
    1. Stratospheric aerosol management involves the introduction of reflective particles into the upper atmosphere to reflect incoming solar radiation and cool the planet. These particles could be delivered by aircraft, balloons, or other methods, and could be made of materials such as sulfur dioxide, titanium dioxide, or other reflective materials.
    2. Stratosphere aerosol injection is a type of stratospheric aerosol management that involves injecting particles directly into the stratosphere. This could be done using specialized aircraft or other delivery methods. This approach has been suggested as a way to quickly cool the planet in the event of a climate emergency.
    3. Solar radiation management involves a variety of techniques for reducing the amount of solar radiation that reaches the Earth’s surface. These techniques could include increasing the reflectivity of the Earth’s surface, changing the reflectivity of clouds, or even placing large reflective mirrors in space.
    4. Global dimming refers to the observed reduction in the amount of solar radiation reaching the Earth’s surface due to increased atmospheric pollution. This pollution can have a cooling effect on the planet, but it also has negative health and environmental impacts.
    5. Ionosphere heating involves using high-frequency radio waves to heat and disrupt the Earth’s ionosphere. This disruption can have a range of impacts on the Earth’s climate, including changing the temperature and composition of the upper atmosphere.
  • Each of these techniques has the potential to significantly impact the Earth’s climate, and their use is highly controversial.
  • Critics argue that they could have unintended consequences and should not be pursued, while proponents suggest that they could be used as a last resort to mitigate the worst impacts of climate change.
  • As with any proposed solution to a complex problem, it is important to carefully consider the potential risks and benefits of each approach before taking action.

Why do you say they are proposed, when they are already in use?

  • ChatGPT: I apologize for any confusion. To my knowledge, none of the geoengineering techniques I mentioned are currently being used on a large scale. While there have been some small-scale experiments and proposals for deployment, the practicality and potential risks of these techniques are still being studied and debated. Some researchers have raised concerns about the unintended consequences of geoengineering and the potential for it to interfere with the Earth’s natural systems.

Which organizations are doing the R&D for “stratospheric aerosol management”, “stratosphere aerosol injection”, “solar radiation management”, “global dimming”, and “ionosphere heating”?

  • ChatGPT: There are various organizations and individuals who are involved in research and development in regards to the techniques of “stratospheric aerosol management”, “stratosphere aerosol injection”, “solar radiation management”, “global dimming”, and “ionosphere heating.” Some of these organizations include:
    1. Harvard University – Harvard’s Solar Geoengineering Research Program (SGRP) is one of the leading research groups in the field of solar geoengineering, which includes the techniques of stratospheric aerosol injection and solar radiation management.
    2. National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) – NCAR is a federally funded research and development center that conducts research in the atmospheric and related sciences, including climate modeling and solar geoengineering.
    3. Max Planck Institute for Meteorology – The Max Planck Institute for Meteorology conducts research in the field of climate modeling and solar geoengineering, including the techniques of stratospheric aerosol injection and solar radiation management.
    4. Environmental Defense Fund (EDF) – EDF is a non-profit environmental advocacy group that supports research and development in solar geoengineering as a potential solution to climate change.
    5. Geoengineering Monitor – The Geoengineering Monitor is a project of the ETC Group, which provides monitoring and analysis of geoengineering research and development around the world.
  • It’s important to note that while there are some organizations actively researching these techniques, they are still considered experimental and controversial. The scientific community is still debating the potential risks and benefits of solar geoengineering, and there are concerns about the potential unintended consequences of implementing these techniques on a large scale.

Marine Cloud Brightening, Ground-Based Albedo Modification, Stratospheric Aerosol Injection

Write an article summarizing and explaining the differences between “Marine cloud brightening, Ground-based albedo modification, and Stratospheric Aerosol Injection”

  • ChatGPT: Geoengineering is a set of technologies that aim to mitigate climate change. Among them, Marine Cloud Brightening (MCB), Ground-Based Albedo Modification (GBAM), and Stratospheric Aerosol Injection (SAI) have gained attention for their potential to address the effects of climate change.
    1. Marine Cloud Brightening (MCB) is a geoengineering technology that aims to brighten marine clouds to reflect more sunlight back into space. It involves spraying saltwater into low marine clouds to increase their reflectivity, thus reflecting more sunlight back into space. MCB has been shown to increase the reflectivity of clouds, but its effectiveness is uncertain. It also has potential risks and side effects that could affect marine ecosystems.
    2. Ground-Based Albedo Modification (GBAM) is another geoengineering technology that involves making the Earth’s surface more reflective. It involves covering natural surfaces like forests, oceans, or deserts with materials that reflect more sunlight back into space. GBAM has been shown to increase the Earth’s reflectivity, but it has significant environmental risks, including changes in land use, water use, and the potential for adverse effects on local ecosystems.
    3. Stratospheric Aerosol Injection (SAI) is a geoengineering technology that involves injecting reflective particles into the stratosphere to reflect more sunlight back into space. It involves the use of aircraft to release particles of sulfur or other reflective materials into the stratosphere, where they would remain for a year or more. SAI could have a significant effect on global temperatures, but it also has the potential for significant environmental and health risks.
  • While these technologies have the potential to mitigate the effects of climate change, there are significant uncertainties and risks associated with each of them. It is essential that any research or development into these technologies is conducted with a comprehensive understanding of the potential risks and benefits, and with full transparency and open dialogue between scientists, policymakers, and the public.

Space Mirrors and Cloud Seeding

Write an unbiased article explaining the terms “Space Mirrors” and “Cloud Seeding” and how they are in use today.

  • ChatGPT: Space mirrors and cloud seeding are two geoengineering techniques that have been proposed to mitigate the impacts of climate change. While they differ in their approach and application, both have the potential to impact the Earth’s climate in significant ways.
  • Space mirrors, also known as sunshades or solar reflectors, are theoretical devices that would reflect sunlight back into space before it can reach the Earth’s surface. The idea behind space mirrors is that if less solar radiation reaches the planet, global temperatures would decrease. The mirrors would be placed in orbit around the Earth and would require large amounts of funding to create and maintain. Currently, space mirrors are only a theoretical solution to the issue of climate change, and no operational projects exist.
  • Cloud seeding, on the other hand, is a technique that has been used for several decades to increase precipitation in areas that receive very little rainfall. The process involves adding materials to clouds, such as silver iodide or dry ice, to encourage the formation of precipitation. Cloud seeding has been used in several countries, including the United States, China, and Russia, with varying levels of success. While cloud seeding is not a direct solution to climate change, it could be used to mitigate the impacts of droughts and water scarcity in regions affected by global warming.
  • It’s important to note that both space mirrors and cloud seeding have potential drawbacks and unintended consequences. Space mirrors could interfere with weather patterns and have unknown impacts on the Earth’s ecosystems. Similarly, cloud seeding could potentially alter the amount and distribution of precipitation, which could have impacts on agriculture and other industries.
  • In summary, while space mirrors and cloud seeding are different geoengineering techniques, they are both being proposed as potential solutions to climate change. Space mirrors are a theoretical technology that could reflect sunlight back into space, while cloud seeding is a more established technique that has been used to increase precipitation in arid regions. Both have the potential for unintended consequences and require careful consideration before being implemented.

Biochar Afforestation, C02 Air Capture, Iron Fertilization, Carbon Dioxide Removal

Write an unbiased article summarizing the terms: “Biochar Afforestation” “C02 Air Capture” “Iron Fertilization” “Carbon Dioxide Removal”.

  • ChatGPT: Climate change is an urgent global issue, and scientists are working to develop technologies to mitigate its effects. Among the proposed solutions are several approaches to removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. Here are brief explanations of four such approaches:
    1. Biochar Afforestation: Biochar is a type of charcoal that is produced through the heating of organic matter in the absence of oxygen. When biochar is added to soil, it can increase the soil’s fertility and store carbon for long periods of time. Afforestation refers to the practice of planting trees in areas that were previously bare or deforested. Biochar afforestation involves the combination of these two approaches, where trees are planted in soil enriched with biochar to increase their growth and carbon storage.
    2. CO2 Air Capture: CO2 air capture involves the use of technology to capture carbon dioxide directly from the air. This is typically done using chemical reactions that bind CO2 to a solid material or liquid, which can then be transported and stored underground or used for other purposes. CO2 air capture has the potential to remove large amounts of CO2 from the atmosphere, but it is currently an expensive and energy-intensive process.
    3. Iron Fertilization: Iron fertilization involves adding iron to the ocean in order to stimulate the growth of phytoplankton, which absorb carbon dioxide through photosynthesis. The idea is that by increasing the amount of iron in certain parts of the ocean, phytoplankton growth could be stimulated, and therefore more carbon dioxide could be absorbed from the atmosphere. However, this approach is controversial and has not been shown to be effective on a large scale.
    4. Carbon Dioxide Removal: Carbon dioxide removal refers to a broad category of approaches to removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. This includes biochar afforestation, CO2 air capture, and iron fertilization, as well as other approaches like afforestation and reforestation, soil carbon sequestration, and enhanced weathering. Many of these approaches are still in the experimental phase, and their effectiveness and feasibility on a large scale are still being evaluated.
  • In conclusion, while these methods may provide some benefits in mitigating the effects of climate change, they are still in development, and their potential for widespread use remains uncertain. It is important that we continue to explore all possible solutions to the challenge of climate change while remaining aware of the limitations and potential drawbacks of each proposed approach.

Video: NASA quietly corrects Data after slamming Malcolm Roberts

NASA Confirms Their Own “Conspiracy Theory”

7 Jan 2020 | YouTube

NASA has been removing the 1940s warmth from the Arctic for many years. When Australian Senator Malcolm Roberts queried them about this, they angrily denied they were doing it – and then quietly went off and fixed the problem.

Video: Melb Uni - Cleaning up with science

Science Dean’s Lecture: Cleaning up with science

18 Jun 2021 | YouTube

Around the 40min mark is when they start talking about geo-engineering Australia will use/is using to tackle “global warming” including Net Zero Carbon by 2045 (43m) and Geo-engineering: Solar Radiation Management & Carbon Dioxide Removal (48min)

Penny (PennyButler.com)
Penny (PennyButler.com)

Truth-seeker, ever-questioning, ever-learning, ever-researching, ever delving further and deeper, ever trying to 'figure it out'. This site is a legacy of sorts, a place to collect thoughts, notes, book summaries, & random points of interests.